|December 1898, No. 10||The Railway and Shipping World (Toronto)||Page 265|
Canada Atlantic elevators.
The two elevators built by this line & its auxiliary, the O. A. & P. S. Ry. during this & last year, are illustrated in this issue. The illustrations given below shows the elevator at Coteau Landing, Que., on the St. Lawrence River, the other illustration, on pg. 267, shows the elevator on Depot Island, Parry Sound, Ont., the Georgian Bay terminus of the system. The Depot Island elevator was built last year to receive grain from boats for transfer to cars for shipment eastward. It is of the storage type, & is 80 ft. wide by 290 ft. long, with bins 70 ft. deep. It has a capacity of 1,000,000 bus. It stands back from the face of the dock 100 ft., & on the wharf is a marine tower containing a marine leg of 15,000 bus. capacity per hour, & all grain for this elevator is received by it. The leg is supplied with a pusher & marine shovels. In the tower is a receiving scale of 200 bus. capacity. The tower is connected with the elevator by means of a belt gallery containing a 36-in. belt conveyor.
A loftier leg of 10,000 bus. capacity in the elevator receives the grain from this conveyer, & by means of 2 belt conveyers over the bins will discharge it to any bin and the house. Underneath the bins, in the basement, are 2 systems of belt conveyers, which bring the grain from the bins to the working end of the elevator & discharge to 2 shipping legs, each having a capacity of 10,000 bus. an hour. The grain is weighed out in the cupola & spouted direct from the scales to the cars. The car spouts are metal & supplied with bifurcated loaders.
The power house is of brick & is located 100 ft. from the back end of the elevator. The power is transmitted to the elevator by a rope drive running up to & over the deep bins to a line shaft in the cupola, from which power is distributed to the different parts of the elevator & to the marine tower by means of ropes.
The Coteau Landing elevator was built this year. The main building is 143 ft. long by 90 ft. wide & 155 ft. high. It rests on a foundation of piles, heavy grillage & masonry, & is built out into the river so that barges can receive grain from either or both sides of the elevator. This arrangement gives also a wharf 8 ft. wide on either side of the elevator. The 1st story consists of heavy post & girder work, which supports the bins. The latter are 59 ft. deep, built of planking, & are surmounted by a cupola running the entire length of the building & 5 stories high. On east side of the elevator are 4 shipping bins, each of 5,700 bus. capacity. These, with the 74 others in the house, give a storage capacity of over 500,000 bus. The walls are covered with galvanized corrugated iron, & the roofs with tar-felt & gravel.
The engine & boiler house is of brick, 53×41 ft. in size, 23 ft. high, & stands close to the west end of the elevator. The smoke-stack is of steel plates lined with brick. It is 12 ft. in diameter at the base & 155 ft. high.
The elevator is equipped throughout with all of the modern conveniences & special machinery for handling grain with the least possible delay. It has 6 elevator legs, with 18×7×7-in. cups & 84-in. head pulleys. Three of these legs are for receiving, & are located between the 2 tracks, which run clear through the center of the building. Any one or all of the 6 legs may be used for shipping, & each has a capacity of 8,000 bus. an hour. Three pairs of Clark shovels are located between the tracks in the 1st story, and 3 30-in. belt conveyers are located in the basement to carry grain across the house & discharge it to the 3 elevators in the south end.
On the 1st floor is located a powerful friction-driven geared car-puller, with wire rope drum, arranged to handle cars on either of the 2 tracks. South of the middle of the house are 3 leading spouts, to discharge grain to cars standing on the house tracks.
The 1st story of the 5 story cupola is the distributing floor. It contains 12 distributing spouts, which take the grain from the scale hoppers to the different bins. The 3rd story contains six 1,200-bus. hopper scales, which receive grain from 6 large garners in the story above. The 4th story contains also the cupola line shaft, which extends the full length of the elevator. This shaft receives power from the engine-shaft by means of a rope drive, & each of the 6 elevator heads is driven direct by rope transmission from this cupola shaft. The top story is occupied by the elevator heads & the spouting from them to the garners. Each elevator head is provided with a switch valve, so that the grain may be spouted to either of 2 garners. All power transmissions through the house are supplied with friction clutches, so that any part of the machinery can be shut down or started at will.
On each side of the elevator are 4 dock spouts, which receive grain from the shipping bins, each spout being supplied with wire tackle & a hand winch for handling the spout. Each spout will discharge grain 10 the barges at the rate of 1,000 bus. an hour.
The power plant consists of an engine 18-in. diameter & 42-in. stroke, & 2 boilers 72-in. diameter by 16 ft. long. A complete electric light plant, with dynamo, operated by an engine, is included in the equipment. The fire-protection system consists of a powerful fire-pump, with complete system of standpipe & hose connections on each floor, & hose reels, with hose & nozzles at convenient points throughout the building. The outfit is deemed sufficient for any emergency. There is also a complete system of pneumatic sweepers throughout the house, arranged to discharge the dust to the furnaces under the boilers. Both elevators were designed & erected by J. S. Metcalf & Co., of Chicago.
Railways: C.A.Ry., O.A. & P.S.Ry.
Stations: Coteau, Depot Harbor