Special rules governing the handling of air brakes

To all employees

1. Employees must be thoroughly conversant with the Brake and Signal Equipment and instructions issued in connection therewith, and must report promptly any trouble or defects.


2. The Engineman and Conductor are responsible for knowing that the prescribed test of train brakes has been made before starting from terminal stations, also from any point where consist of train has been changed or hose uncoupled. Engineman must personally handle brake valve when making all tests.

Terminal, road and running tests

3. These must be made in accordance with the instructions contained in Air Brake Regulations and printed separately as Book "A" (Form 8914), issued January 1938.

Double heading, assisting and pusher service

4. When two or more engines are used in any train all hose must be coupled, and brakes. tested and operated from the leading engine. Maximum air pressure must be maintained on all engines and brake valve cut-out cocks closed on all except the leading engine. In case of the leading engine giving up the train short of the destination of the train, a test of the brakes must he made to see that the lame are operative from the engineman's valve of the engine remaining with the train.

Observing air gauges

5. Air gauges on engines and cabooses must be observed frequently to see that maximum pressure is being maintained.

Setting out cars

6. When cars are set off at any point between terminals auxiliary reservoirs must be bled before the hand brakes are applied.

Standing on grades

7. When the engine, either with or without cars, is to be uncoupled from the train on a grade, a sufficient .number of hand brakes must first be applied to hold the portion of the train to be left standing. After coupling, hand brakes must not be released until it ill known that the train air brake system is fully recharged.

Calling for brakes

8. A call for brakes when running must be promptly responded to by each Trainman opening a Conductor's valve and then applying hand brakes.

Retaining valves

9. Retaining valves must be used when descending the grades designated in special instructions.

Operative brakes

10. All trains must have 100% of brakes operative when leaving terminals, except in case of emergency, and must not be run with less than 85% at any time. When cars with brakes cut out are moved in trains, not more than two of such cars shall be handled together. unless they are at the rear of the train ahead of the caboose.

[SOD.LSD] All trains going to the United States must have 100% of brakes operating leaving the last terminal and must not be run with less than 85% at any time. When necessary to cut out brakes on any cars en route in such train they must be placed together at the rear of the train ahead of the caboose before entering that territory.